MEASURING OPENNESS OF THE CAPITAL MARKET IN MACEDONIA
AbstractMacedonia is a small and open economy and its interest rate policy is very much linked to its exchange rate policy. The more integrated it became with the international financial market the more the interest rate policy will be dependent on the exchange rate regime. In accordance with the uncovered interest rate parity, the more open the economy is the domestic interest rate should be converging to the Euro zone interest rate. If the difference, i.e. the parity spread, is high in an environment of integrated financial sector and Macedonia is still experiencing high interest rates, then the differential may be explained as a premium for the expectation of future depreciation and/or devaluation of the Macedonian Denar. Explanation might be that there exist a misalignment within theÂ fixedÂ exchangeÂ rateÂ regimeÂ inÂ MacedoniaÂ thus,Â creatingÂ incentivesÂ forÂ theÂ marketÂ toÂ expect depreciation/devaluation. The type of expectation (whether they are rational or adaptive) is very important, as shown in this paper as well as the degree of openness of capital account.
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